Jonathan Lee has a professional background in electrical and electronic engineering, which makes him unique as a Junior at the Technology and Construction Bar. His previous experience and qualifications enable him to bring commercial and technical understanding to his practice at the bar where clients have recognised his ability to grasp the complex technical aspects of their cases and to relate effectively to expert and lay witnesses.
Jonathan Lee's practice covers both advocacy and advisory work. He acts for clients in litigation, domestic and international arbitrations, adjudications and mediations. He specialises in commercial and contractual disputes relating to engineering projects, often where resolution depends upon specialised engineering analysis. He has particular experience of information technology, electrical engineering and energy disputes whether acting for employers, engineers, contractors or sub-contractors.
Jonathan Lee has been instructed by both public sector and private sector clients, including: central and local government departments, commercial project funders, employers, contractors and associated professionals.
Jonathan Lee accepts appointments as an arbitrator, an adjudicator or a mediator.
"He speaks softly in a way that makes everyone listen."
"It is important not to be fooled by his gentle style."
"Obviously works very hard on a case and leaves no stone unturned."
“Commended for his ability to sift through documentation with a keen eye for the important details.”
"No stranger to big cases.”
"An outstanding link between leader and solicitor. He is a great support player who delivers across the board."
"A particularly good junior if you need a details man"..."he has the whole thing planned out and will work very hard for you."
“A superb yet understated junior who does all of those things that make a case go that much smoother.”
"Demonstrating a "thoroughness and diligence" fervently approved of by onlookers."
“Received warm recommendations from interviewees quick to appreciate the extra knowledge that accrues from him being dual-qualified as a barrister and an engineer.”
“Sound and steady.”
Chambers and Partners, A Clients Guide to the Legal Profession
Arbitrator and Adjudicator
Jonathan Lee accepts appointments as an arbitrator and previous appointments have been in relation to:
- An international arbitration under the LCIA arbitration rules concerning a dispute arising from a contract for the development of computer software;
- An international trade contract arbitration about the supply and performance of telecommunication equipment;
- An arbitration concerning development of holiday properties in the Mediterranean;
- An arbitration under the UNCITRAL arbitration rules concerning disputes arising from contracts for the sale of power generation units;
- An arbitration concerning a commercial business park development.
Appointments as Adjudicator
As an adjudicator Jonathan Lee has accepted appointments in relation to disputes concerning
- The boundary between design and construction obligations for work carried out under contracts in the nuclear power sector and rights to payment for work carried out;
- The rights and obligations of the parties in relation to termination of civil engineering work in the water industry;
- Delay to, and liability for damage to, a development of semi-prefabricated domestic residential units and contractual rights arising from contract termination;
- Liability and valuation disputes arising from the laying of, and damage to, power cables;
- A dispute arising from a contract for the upgrading of railway infrastructure.
- A dispute concerning the refurbishment of noise testing facilities
Information Technology and Communications
Jonathan has familiarity with computer software development and he himself has experience of programming in five languages. He also has experience specifying, developing, procuring and implementing communication systems. As a barrister he has experience of numerous information technology and communication cases, including:
- Acting for a central government department over several years in relation to a number of contractual disputes concerning the development and delivery of IT systems and services for the department’s internal administration and external communications. Issues ranged from EU procurement obligations, defective software, delays and programming, integration of third party software, acceptance testing and rights in respect of damages, service credits and termination.
- Acting for a local government authority in a dispute concerning the quality of a contractor’s performance on a project for the development of software and the implementation of new systems for revenue collection. Issues included the parties’ rights and obligations in respect of the integration of new systems with legacy systems and data.
- Acting for a national chain of restaurants in relation to the development of its computer network and business losses sustained by reason of IT system communication failures.
- Acting for a security company in relation to failures during the implementation of a new nationwide IT system for automated personnel resource monitoring and recording.
- Acting for a City based bank in relation a dispute concerning delays in delivery of dealing room facilities.
- Acting for a company in dispute over due diligence inspections and representations in relation to the quality of microwave radio systems for mobile telephone networks.
- Acting for a telecommunications company in relation allocation of contractual risk under an interconnect agreement for losses caused by fraudulent network use.
- Acting for the supplier of an automated steel slitting machine sued in respect of alleged losses of productivity due either to defective programmable logic controllers or the purchaser’s own failures of operation and maintenance.
- Acting for the purchaser of CNC (computer numerically controlled) milling machines for use in the automotive industries in a dispute concerning software defects, attempted remedial solutions, rejection and termination options.
Mechanical and Electrical Systems
Before being called to the bar Jonathan Lee was involved as an engineer in the specification and delivery of electrical, electronic and communication systems for technical and construction project in the television and broadcasting sector. As a barrister he has broad experience of the commercial disputes arising from such works.
- Acting for clients involved in cabling disputes such as a contract dispute concerning the quality of manufacturing processes of fibre optic cables that were used in sub-sea communications networks and the quality of materials used to manufacture electrical ducts.
- Acting for a bank in relation to a contractual dispute with the designers and the contractors responsible for the engineering and installation of automated switch-over power facilities for the provision of backup generator power.
- Acting for property developers in relation to the provision of electrical supplies to its site and the location of sub-stations within its site boundaries.
- Acting for mechanical and electrical sub-contractors whose works have been delayed and disrupted by employers’ design changes and the slow progress of other trades. Examples include: contractual disputes over responsibilities for co-ordination of technical trades, programming and quantification losses arising during the construction of multi-story office facilities in Canary Wharf, London; and acting to protect an M&E sub-contractor and secure payment for its installation work in a new build factory in the food industry when the main contractor was seeking to avoid payment and pass on its employer’s claims for lost production.
- Acting for utility companies and civil engineering companies in relation to damage to electrical cables buried in streets caused by clashes between cables and other equipment; issue including rights and responsibilities for work performed in the street under the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 and contract disputes.
- Acting for property developers in relation to the diversion of existing electrical power lines crossing their site and moving existing telecommunications equipment.
- Acting for parties in respect of contractual disputes with engineers and contractors arising from failed electrical equipment such as chillers, terminations panels, and circuit breakers.
- Acting for sub-contractors in relation to commercial disputes concerning delays to and valuation of cabling works on the London Underground network.
- Acting for a sub-contractor responsible for the design and construction of all electrical, mechanical and communication systems required during the refurbishment of traffic tunnels. Issues concerned late design development, ambiguity of specifications, whether designs were defective or whether the employer was responsible for scope creep, the causes of delays during procurement, development, and testing of technical facilities and the quality of installation work.
- Acting for a subcontractor in relation to disputes concerning the design of power distribution system for a retail shopping outlet.
- Acting for both employers and contractors in dispute concerning defective electrical busbars feeding business critical electrical systems.
Power and Green Energy Systems
- Advising clients in relation to the construction of a contract between partner organisations for the development of a tidal energy generation project.
- Acting for the sub-contractors appointed for the construction of on-shore wind farms in respect of disputes concerning the proper construction of the sub-contract and liability for delays caused by late and defective design work.
- Acting for a major electrical engineering contractor in relation to the payment claims and counterclaims arising from an EPC contract for a multi-turbine power and desalination plants in the Middle East where there were both disputes with the employer and disputes between joint venture partners.
- Acting for a main contractor responsible for the construction of a coal fired power generation stations in relation to questions of liability for defects after expiry of the defect liability period.
- Acting for the owner of a new gas fired power station in a dispute concerning the efficiency of operating gas turbine generators.
- Acting for engineering contractor in respect of liabilities and indemnities for damage following the collapse of a canal bank during directional drilling to form cable ducts for the installation of HV transmission cables.
Oil and Gas
- Commercial disputes arising from a contract for the design, supply and off-shore installation of sub-sea equipment and risers running to a floating production storage and off-loading (FPSO) facility.
- Acting for main contractor in an arbitration concerning dispute over the construction of an oil and gas production facility and processing plant in Kazakhstan.
- Acting for a client in respect of valuation disputes in relation to the welding of skids for the off-shore oil industry.
- Acting for the main contractor appointed for the refurbishment of an off-shore rig on issues concerning liabilities for down time and failure of electro mechanical plant.
- Acting for a contractor responsible for the construction of a gas pipeline in relation to disputes over sums recoverable after termination of the contract and disputes over the correct forum for dispute resolution.
- Acting for a contractor in a sub-contract dispute concerning the quality of steel pipes supplied for the construction of pipeline facilities at an oil off-loading terminal.
Other Construction and Engineering Cases
Jonathan Lee has considerable experience of disputes arising from construction and engineering projects. These include claims brought by or against contractors and members of professional design teams. The claims often concern defective design and / or construction or negligent supervision of work. They often concern delay and require familiarity with project programming techniques and delay analysis.
- New school / academy building - disputes concerning valuation, variations and delay.
- Development of a hospital pursuant to a PFI contract - disputes concerning programming of construction operations and the performance of technical plant and sterilisation equipment in the hospital.
- Remedial work at a superstore following subsidence and ground improvement schemes.
- A new data-centre for a bank - disputes over defective works, termination and proportionality of remedial schemes particularly in respect of cladding and roofing defects.
- The construction of new world class scientific laboratories under the PFI - disputes concerning the performance laboratories that required close temperature control and sound insulation.
- A major shopping centre in Poland - disputes concerning the quality of work and delays in progress.
- A pharmaceutical factory - disputes concerning liability for losses causes by damage to drainage facilities.
- Warehouse floor and foundations - disputes concerning defects of design and construction in concrete, liabilities for remedial work, liquidated damages and consequential damages.
- Hotel refurbishments - contractual disputes concerning delays to completion of the project and associated liabilities, disputes over variations and rights to payment for direct and indirect costs - claims concerning liabilities for removal of asbestos containing materials.
- Football stadium - liability of engineers for movement, under dynamic loading of stands, design of remedial solutions and consequential losses.
- Rugby stadium - liability for quality of turf and for the design and operation of a system allowing the pitch to be removed and replaced in a modular fashion.
- Velodrome - claims in respect of latent defects appearing years after completion with difficulties caused by intervening ground movements.
- Leisure Centre - liability of designers of a system of water flume after injury to a member of the public.
- Mainline railway upgrading works - disputes between main contractor and sub-contractor over payment, progress and termination.
- Underground railway operation and maintenance contracts. Rights and liabilities under a PPP contract and claims concerning legacy engineering defects and costs of remedial work.
- Upgrading and extending the London Underground network - final account claims including liabilities for variation quantification disruption and delay costs.
- Ship refurbishment contracts - disputes over liabilities for consequences of contamination of thruster oils and in relation the specification and payment for refurbishment of mechanical and electrical services.
- River ferries - disputes concerning the design of propellers and the interaction between the design of the hull and the propellers.
- Cruise liner docking facilities - disputes concerning the quality and timing of designs prepared by engineering consultants and the consequences for the main contractor.
- Gold mining / production facilities - rights and liabilities of project managers and engineers for the construction of facilities for the production of gold following open cast extraction of ore.
- Tower crane - liabilities of insurers for disruption to construction site following the collapse of a tower crane.
- Aircraft engine test cell facilities disputes over the specification and performance of a new testing facility together with associated commercial disputes.
- River flood defences - disputes concerning the liabilities of engineers and contractors for instabilities in flood defences, the causes of flood defence failures and the scope and cost of necessary remedial works.
- Reservoirs - liabilities of occupiers and undertakers under the Reservoirs Act 1975.
Bonds, Guarantees and Collateral Warranties
Jonathan Lee also accepts instructions in relation to claims relating to the financial bonds and guarantees that are often associated with engineering and construction cases. Typical instructions concern disputes over the proper construction of such financial instruments, the ability of bondsmen to avoid payment following a demand and the ability of contractors to prevent payment by its guarantor making payment or seeking to avoid liability for a consequential claim on a cross-guarantee.
Home Owner Disputes
In addition to the above, if he is available, Jonathan Lee represents home owners, their professionals and their contractors in relation to domestic construction projects. Such disputes often have very significant impacts on homeowners (both in respect of quality of life and their financial resources) and can have devastating impact on relatively small businesses or sole traders working in this market sector. Jonathan continues to accept instructions in relation to such cases where potential liabilities for costs demand that an assessment of technical and legal merit is made early.
Selected Reported Cases
- Fitzpatrick Contractors Ltd v Tyco Fire and Integrated Solutions (UK) Ltd
 EWHC 274,  All ER (D) 70 (Mar),  BLR 144
- Fitzpatrick Contractors Ltd v Tyco Fire and Integrated Solutions (UK) Ltd
 EWHC 1301,  All ER (D) 218, 119 ConLR 155
- Gwelhayl Ltd v Midas Construction Ltd
 EWHC 2316, 123 Con. L.R. 91
- PT Building Services Ltd v ROK Build Ltd
 EWHC 3434
- Jordan & Anor v Geason (No. 2)
 EWHC 2270
- Yorkshire Electricity Distribution plc v Telewest ltd [Court of Appeal]
 EWCA Civ 1418,  All ER (D) 369
- Gerling General Insurance Co. & others v Canary Wharf
 All ER (D) 356 (Oct),  1 Lloyd's Rep 68
- Hatmet Ltd v Herbert (t/a LMS Lift Consultants)
 EWHC 3529 (TCC), 115 Con LR 95
- CIB Properties Ltd v Birse Construction Ltd
 1 WLR 2252, BLR 173 TCC and  EWHC 2365 (TCC
- J Sainsbury Plc & Anor v WSP Consulting Engineers Plc
 EWHC 2610
- IDE Contracting Ltd v RG Carter Cambridge Ltd
 All ER (D) 224,  BLR 172
- Oakley v Airclear Environment Ltd
 CILL 1824
- Discain Project Services Ltd v Opecprime Developments Ltd (No 2)
 All ER (D) 123
- DSND Subsea Ltd v Petroleum Geo-Services ASA
 All ER (D) 1101,  BLR 530
- VHE Construction plc v RBSTB Trust Co Ltd
 BLR 187
- Palmers Ltd v ABB Power Construction Ltd
 BLR 426
- Graham v British Gas plc
 All ER (D) 1076
- Birse Construction Ltd v Co-operative Wholesale Society
 84 BLR 58
- Researcher, Keating on Construction Contracts - Eighth Edition (2006)
- Chapter Author, Engineer' Dispute Resolution Handbook (2006)
Education and Professional Career
|BEng in Electronic Engineering, University of Sheffield
Engineer, Planning and Installation Department, BBC
Diploma in Law, City University
Bar finals classification, “Outstanding”
Called to the Bar (Gray’s Inn)
Pupillage, Keating Chambers
TECBAR Accredited Adjudicator
Institution of Engineering and Technology
Technology and Construction Bar Association
Commercial Bar Association
The Society of Computers and Law
The LCIA and Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
Standing Conference of Mediation Advocates
Jonathan Lee is married with three children. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce.
If you would like to discuss ways in which Keating Chambers can assist you or your organisation, please contact Senior Clerk, Nick Child
, in the first instance, on +44(0)20 7544 2600. The teams of Clerks will be pleased to advise you on the member of Keating Chambers appropriate to your requirements.
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